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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2174/218

Title: Dioscorides’s bruonia melaina is Bryonia alba, not Tamus communis, and an Illustration labeled bruonia melaina in the Codex Vindobonensis is Humulus lupulus not Bryonia dioica
Authors: Renner, S.S.
Scarborough, J.
Schaefer, H.
Paris, H.S.
Janick, J.
Pitrat M. (ed)
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Inra, Centre de Recherche d'Avignon, Génétique et Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes, Montfavet (France)
Citation: Renner S.S., Scarborough J., Schaefer H., Paris H.S., Janick J. 2008. Dioscorides’s bruonia melaina is Bryonia alba, not Tamus communis, and an Illustration labeled bruonia melaina in the Codex Vindobonensis is Humulus lupulus not Bryonia dioica. In: Cucurbitaceae 2008. Pitrat M. (ed). Proceedings of the IXth EUCARPIA meeting on genetics and breeding of Cucurbitaceae, Avignon (France), May 21-24th, 2008, pp. 273-280.
Abstract: The Cucurbitaceae genus Bryonia contains ten species that are distributed throughout the Mediterranean to North Africa and from central Europe to Kazakhstan. References to the medicinal uses of species of Bryonia span two millennia, including two passages in Dioscorides’s De Materia Medica, written in about 65 CE. An illustrated copy of this text, known as the Codex Vindobonensis and dated 512 CE, is enriched with illustrations, including two labeled as bruōnia or bryonia. Here we argue that while Dioscorides’s text clearly concerns the blackfruited B. alba and a red-fruited species, perhaps B. cretica or B. dioica, only one of the plates in the Codex shows a species of Bryonia, while the other shows Humulus lupulus.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2174/218
ISBN: 978-2-7380-1251-7
Appears in Collections:Poster session

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