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Mathilde Causse



Directrice de Recherche



INRA UR 1052, Génétique et Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes
Domaine St Maurice
Allée des Chênes
CS60094 Montfavet 84143 Cedex France
tel +33 (0)4 32 72 28 03


Main Scientific Interest

Genetic control of tomato fruit quality traits (QTL mapping and cloning)
Impact of environmental stress on fruit quality; G x E
Natural diversity and association genetics in tomato
Integrative systems biology and genomic approaches

- Leader of the research group "Diversity Quality and Environment  of Tomato (Team Qualitom)".  The group works on Tomato fruit quality, genetic diversity and the impact of environment stress. It is composed of 6 scientists, 1 assistant engineers, 6 technicians, 3 PhD and 1 postdocs.

- Coordinator of the Cluster for Integrated Horticulture PHI of the INRA Avignon Center

Coordinator of several research projects
- Coordinator of the ANR Genomics "MagicTom-SNP" project (2011-2014)
- Module leader of Module 1 (organoleptic quality) of the large EUSOL European project (2006-2011).
- Coordinator of the PNRA-ANR project QUALITOMFIL: Tomato fruit quality all along the chain

2004- 2012, Head of the Research Unit of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit and Vegetable, Avignon (France)

2001, Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches de l’Université de Montpellier II

2000, Directrice de Recherches INRA

1995-2000, INRA UR GAFL, Avignon, Chargée de Recherches, QTL mapping for tomato fruit quality

1991-1995, INRA Station de Génétique Végétale Ferme du Moulon, Gif/Yvette ; Chargée de Recherches, QTL mapping in maize

1990-1991, Cornell University, Plant Breeding and Biometry Dept, Postdoc in S. Tanksley’s laboratory; “RFLP map of the rice genome”

1989, PhD of the University of Paris XI Orsay, “Genetic resources and breeding of African rice”


Recent publications :


Bauchet G, S Munos, C Sauvage, J Bonnet, L Grivet and M Causse. 2014. Genes involved in floral meristem in tomato exhibit drastically reduced genetic diversity and signature of selection. BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:279.

Pascual, L., Desplat, N., Huang, B.E., Desgroux, A., Bruguier, L., Bouchet, J.-P., Le, Q.H., Chauchard, B., Verschave, P. and Causse, M. (2014) Potential of a tomato MAGIC population to decipher the genetic control of quantitative traits and detect causal variants in the resequencing era. Plant Biotechnol. J., doi: 10.1111/pbi.12282

Lin T, G Zhu, J Zhang, X Xu, Q Yu, Z Zheng, Z Zhang, Y Lun, S Li, X Wang, Z Huang, J Li, Ci Zhang, T Wang, Y Zhang, A Wang, Y Zhang, K Lin, C Li, G Xiong, Y Xue, A Mazzucato, M Causse, Z Fei, JJ Giovannoni, R T Chetelat, D Zamir, T Städler, J Li, Z Ye, Y Du & S Huang 2014. Genomic analyses provide insights into the history of tomato breeding. Nature Genetics 46: 1220-1226; doi:10.1038/ng.3117

Sauvage C, V Segura, G Bauchet, R Stevens, P T Do, Z Nikoloski, A R Fernie and M Causse 2014. Genome Wide Association in tomato reveals 44 candidate loci for fruit metabolic traits. Plant Physiology 165: 1120–1132


Prudent M, Z Wu Dai, M Génard, N Bertin, M Causse, P Vivin 2014. Resource competition modulates the seed number–fruit size relationship in a genotype-dependent manner: A modeling approach in grape and tomato. Ecological Modelling 290:54-64



Renard C, C Ginies, B Gouble, S Bureau, M Causse, (2013) Home conservation strategies for tomato (Solanum lycopersicum): storage temperature vs. duration - is there a compromise for better aroma preservation? Food Chemistry 139: 825-836

Manaa A, M Faurobert, B Valot, J-P Bouchet, D Grasselly, M Causse and H Ben Ahmed (2013) Effect of salinity and calcium on tomato 1 fruit proteome. Omics, J of INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY 17, 338-352

Xu J, N Ranc, S Muños, S Rolland, JP Bouchet, N Desplat, MC Le Paslier, Y Liang, D Brunel, M Causse. 2013. Association mapping for fruit quality traits in cultivated tomato and wild related species. Theor Appl Genet 126: 567-581

Lahaye M, MF Devaux, M Pool, GB Seymour; M Causse (2013) Pericarp tissue microstructure and cell wall polysaccharide chemistry are differently affected in lines of tomato with contrasted firmness. Postharvest Biology and Technology 76:83-90


 Aurand R, M Faurobert, D Page, J-F Maingonnat and B Brunel, M Causse, N Bertin (2012) Anatomical and biochemical trait network underlying genetic variations in tomato fruit texture. Euphytica, 187, 99-116

Sim S-C, Durstewitz G, Plieske J, Wieseke R, Ganal MW, Van Deynze A, Hamilton J.P., C. Robin Buell C, Causse M, Wijeratne S, Francis DM (2012) Development of a Large SNP Genotyping Array and Generation of High-Density Genetic Maps in Tomato. PLoS ONE 7(7): e40563.

Chapman NH, J Bonnet, L Grivet, J Lynn, N Graham, R Smith, G Sun, P G. Walley, M Poole, M Causse, G J. King, C Baxter, and GB. Seymour (2012) High-Resolution Mapping of a Fruit Firmness-Related Quantitative Trait Locus in Tomato Reveals Epistatic Interactions Associated with a Complex Combinatorial Locus.  Plant Physiol. 2012 159: 1644-1657

The Tomato Genome Consortium. 2012. The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution. Nature 485, 635–641

Konozy E H. E, Causse M, Faurobert,M (2012) Cell wall glycosidase activities and protein content variations during fruit development and ripening in three texture contrasted tomato cultivars. SAUDI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 19:  277-283

Ranc N, S Muños, J Xu, MC Le Paslier, A Chauveau, R Bounon, S Rolland, JP Bouchet, D Brunel, M Causse (2012) Genome-wide association mapping in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is possible using genome admixture of Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme. G3 – Genes Genomes Genetics 2:853-864


 Muños S, Ranc N, Botton E, Bérard A, Rolland S, Duffé P, Carretero Y, Le Paslier MC, Delalande C, Bouzayen M, Brunel D and Causse M. (2011)  Increase in tomato locule number is controlled by two key SNP located near Wuschel. Plant Physiol 156:2244-2254

Rodríguez GR, S Muños, C Anderson, SC Sim, A Michel, M Causse, BB. McSpadden Gardener, D Francis, and E van der Knaap (2011) Distribution of SUN, OVATE, LC, and FAS Alleles in Tomato Germplasm and their Effect on Fruit Morphology. Plant Physiol 156,275-285


Do PT, Prudent M, R Sulpice, M Causse, AR. Fernie (2010) The influence of fruit load on the tomato pericarp metabolome in a Solanum chmielewskii introgression line population. Plant Physiol 154:1128-1142

Prudent M, A Lecomte, JP Bouchet, N Bertin, M Causse, M Génard 2010 Combining ecophysiological modelling and quantitative trait loci analysis to identify key elementary processes underlying tomato fruit sugar concentration. J. Exp. Bot. doi:10.1093/jxb/erq318

Causse M, C Friguet, C Coiret, M Lépicier, B Navez, M Lee, N Holthuysen, F Sinesio, E Moneta and S Grandillo (2010) Consumer Preferences for Fresh Tomato at the European Scale: A Common Segmentation on Taste and Firmness. Journal of Food Science 75, 9, 531–541

Prudent M, Bertin N, Génard M, Muños S, Rolland S, Garcia V, Petit J, Baldet P, Causse M. 2010: Genotype-dependent response to carbon availability in growing tomato fruit  Plant Cell Env 33 (7) 1186-1204


Faurobert M, C Mihr, N Bertin, T Pawlowski, L Negroni, N Sommerer, M Causse  (2007) Major Proteome Variations Associated with Cherry Tomato Pericarp Development and Ripening   Plant Physiol. 143: 1327-1346

Chaïb J. , L. Lecomte, M. Buret, M. Causse (2006) Stability over genetic backgrounds, generations and years of quantitative trait locus (QTLs) for organoleptic quality in tomato Theor Appl Genet 5: 934 - 944  

Lecomte L., P. Duffé, M. Buret, B. Servin, F. Hospital & M. Causse (2004) Marker-assisted introgression of 5 QTLs controlling fruit quality traits into three tomato lines revealed interactions between QTLs and genetic backgrounds. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109, 658-669

Causse M, M. Buret, K Robini, P. Verschave. (2003) Inheritance of nutritional and organoleptic quality traits in fresh market tomato and relation to consumer preferences. J Food Science, 68, 7, 2342-2350

Causse M, V. Saliba-Colombani, L. Lecomte, P. Duffé, P. Rousselle, M. Buret (2002) Genetic analysis of fruit quality attributes in fresh market tomato. J Exp Botany 53: 2090-2098




INRA UR 1052 GAFL Written by: Mathilde Causse
Last update: September 23, 2008